In recent years, scientific studies have shown the many medicinal effects of cannabidiol. Moreover, its nonpsychoactive characteristics and lack of interference with psychological and psychomotor functions have also been extolled by researchers. When the subject is cannabis, most people associate it with the widely popular use of the plant as a recreational drug. Hence, compounds in the plant such as cannabidiol are immediately viewed as potentially inducing a feeling of being “high”. However, cannabidiol does not cause this feeling in users at all!
Rather, it has been shown to have all the following effects:
- anti-inflammatory ● antioxidant ● analgesic ● antidepressant
- anti-tumoral ● anti-psychotic, and ● anxiolytic.
Cannabinoid Cell Receptors
Cannabidiol is found mostly inside the resin glands or trichomes of cannabis. CBD, along with other cannabinoids in the plant, binds itself to the cells’ cannabinoid receptors, which are primarily found in the body’s central nervous system as well as other organs, including the skin, digestive system, and the reproductive organs. The body’s cell receptors collectively form a network called the endocannabinoid system.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS)
The endocannabinoid system or ECS is a neurotransmitter system responsible for many regular body functions and feelings, including: ● memory ● motor control ● mood ● reproduction ● immune function ● appetite ● sleep ● pain reception, and ● bone development. The ECS also regulates the body’s energy balance or homeostatic functions. When ingested, cannabinoid appears to interact with the body’s ECS, causing the therapeutic effects reported by users of CBD Hemp Oil and other CBD products.
How CBD Differs From THC
Cannabidiol is different from another compound also found in the cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. THC is the major psychoactive agent in cannabis, and is mainly responsible for that “high” that cannabis users experience when using cannabis recreationally.
THC’s side effects may include:
- lethargy ● decrease in body coordination ● postural hypotension, and ● slurred speech.
Others may also experience hallucinations, mood swings, behavioral changes, paranoia, dizziness, fatigue, or feelings of inebriation when ingesting THC. That is not to say that THC has not been researched or utilized for medicinal or scientific purposes as well. THC has been formulated into dronabinol and is available by prescription in the United States and Canada, among other countries.
Dronabinol is currently being used to treat anorexia or other eating disorders in HIV/AIDS patients, and to control nausea or vomiting experienced by cancer
patients who are undergoing chemotherapy.
THC is also an active ingredient in nabiximols, a botanical drug prescribed for people suffering from multiple sclerosis. This drug was approved in the United Kingdom in 2010 to relieve neuropathic pain, overactive bladder function, spasticity, and other effects of multiple sclerosis.
So, THC and CBD both interact with the body’s cellular receptors, but the effects are markedly different. Aside from the lack of psychoactive effects in CBD, it also ● balances out or counteract anxiety.
- has antipsychotic effects, unlike THC which can trigger or exacerbate psychosis or hallucinations.
- has – perhaps the most noteworthy – a positive effect on wakefulness.